The year 2010 witnessed continued growth in the enterprise WiFi deployments. The growth was fueled by the latest 802.11n revision to WiFi technology in the late 2009 and ready availability of WiFi in most consumer electronic devices launched in 2010, including the smart phones, printers, scanners, cameras, tablets, TVs, etc. The year 2010 also witnessed popularity of the specialized WiFi centric devices, such as MiFi.
However, the year 2010 also has some major WiFi security revelations/incidents in its kitty, which re-emphasize the continued need for adoption of the best practices for secure Wi-Fi deployment/usage. Here is the run-down on significant WiFi insecurity events which we witnessed in 2010:
- Windows 7 virtual WiFi can turn a machine into a soft Rogue, which took Rogue AP thinking to a new level beyond the commercially available AP hardware.
- Insecurity exposed due to MiFi like devices after the WiFi malfunction was experienced at two major trade shows in 2010 due to these devices – the first one was Google’s first public demo of Google TV and second was iPhone 4 launch at Apple Worldwide Developers Conference. Though this manifested as performance problem, it did show how easy it had become to set up personal HoneyPot AP or Hotspot AP on enterprise premises. Read more…
Moxie Marlinspike presented SSLstrip at Blackhat early this year. The author made observation as to how most people initiate access to secure (HTTPS) websites using insecure connection (HTTP) which creates opportunity for the man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacker to get into the middle of the connection without flashing certificate mismatch message on the user’s machine. It is also possible to display a fake lock icon on the browser. This is unnerving because even those scrupulous users who pay heed to the certificate mismatch warnings can no more avoid MITM attacks by just doing that.
This exploit is also particularly interesting for wireless security because of the ease with which it is possible to get in as MITM over Wi-Fi link using Honeypot (Evil Twin) tools. Once the MITM is established with the victim over Wi-Fi, exploits such as SSLstrip can make the job of the attacker all the more easier as even the scrupulous user will not suspect anything amiss as there won’t be certificate mismatch warning plus there will be a lock icon displayed next to the URL in the browser.
Useful links on information on SSLstrip:
What % of WiFi laptop users in your organization are vulnerable to WiFishing attacks? The odds are very high that you don’t have an exact answer.
WiFish Finder is a tool for assessing whether WiFi devices active in the air are vulnerable to ‘Wi-Fishing’ attacks. Assessment is performed through a combination of passive traffic sniffing and active probing techniques. Most WiFi clients keep a memory of networks (SSIDs) they have connected to in the past. Wi-Fish Finder first builds a list of probed networks and then using a set of clever techniques also determines security setting of each probed network. A client is a fishing target if it is actively seeking to connect to an OPEN or a WEP network. Clients only willing to connect to WPA or WPA2 networks are not completely safe either!
To find out why – you’r welcome to try out WiFish Finder a vulnerability assessment tool built by Sohail and Prabhash, members of security research team at AirTight Networks. Sohail is presenting WiFish Finder at DefCon 2009 today. Demo version of this tool (Version 1.0) can be downloaded from http://airtightnetworks.com/fileadmin/downloads/WiFishFinder-v0.1.zip
Sohail is also planning to release WiFish Finder Ver 2.0 with speed, usability and feature enhancements (such as PEAP vulnerability detection) upon his return from Las Vegas. To download full featured version of WiFish Finder and for tips on protecting your laptop from Wi-Fishing attacks, visit http://www.airtightnetworks.com/wifishfinder.This URL will be operational in 4-5 days.
What % of WiFi laptop users in your organization are vulnerable to WiFishing attacks? Well, you only have to wait another 4-5 days to find out the answer!
-*- Pravin -*-
Metasploit Framework integrated with KARMA! Metasploit is most potent security penetration and exploit development platform, while KARMA is a potent Evil Twin (Honeypot) tool with attracts unassuming wireless clients. With this integrated tool, it is all the more easier to establish wireless connectivity with probing wireless clients and “Metasploit” them.
http://blog.trailofbits.com/karma/ Read more…